Swades is a 2004 film, It was written, produced and directed by Ashutosh Gowariker, it was based on the true life story of a Non-resident Indian (NRI) man who returns to his homeland.The film stars Shah Rukh Khan, Gayatri Joshi, Kishori Ballal in leading roles, with Daya Shankar Pandey, Rajesh Vivek, Lekh Tandon appearing in supporting role and Makrand Deshpande in a special appearance
Swades is inspired by the story of Aravinda Pillalamarri and Ravi Kuchimanchi, the NRI couple who returned to India and developed a pedal power generator to light remote, off-the-grid village schools.
Swades was the first Indian film to be shot inside the NASA research center at the Launch Pad 39A of the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The rainfall monitoring satellite known as the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) in the film is an actual NASA mission and was launched in 2014.
Gowariker spent considerable time with Aravinda and Ravi, both dedicated Association for India’s Development (AID) volunteers. He supposedly visited Bilgaon, an Adivasi village in the Narmada valley, which is the backdrop of the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) movement.
The music and background music were composed by A. R. Rahman, and lyrics was written by Javed Akhtar. The soundtrack received universal critical acclaim, especially “Yeh Jo Des Hai Tera” and songs from the soundtrack remain popular.
First, the role of Mohan was offered to Hrithik Roshan, who refused after reading the script, and then Gowariker then offered the role to Shahrukh Khan.
The movie was declared a flop domestically and a semi-hit overseas by Box Office in India, earning ₹34.26 crore worldwide on a budget of ₹21 crore.
Mohan, a successful NRI working in Nasa, realises the bitter truth of loneliness, often seen in today’s growing separation of Indians abroad. He wants to go home, nostalgic in search of his missing childhood & all he can remember last is, he is ashamed of losing contact with his nanny, who he holds with great reverence. So he comes back to take his Nanny (Kaveri Amma) to the US. Here he meets Gita a Delhi-educated school teacher in the tiny village 200kms from Delhi. Not only does Mohan fall in love with the beautiful and graceful Gayatri Joshi, but also begins on his journey of knowing rural India.
A theme for the people who are leaving their countries / states in search of a better life without realising the fact that they can create a better living environment at home itself.
An insight on the problems of India whose underdeveloped part is somehow or other responsible for itself for the underdevelopment. The social jinx in the rural India which should have been broken long before are now hampering the progress of the villages.
Swades touches rampant problems of rural India, child marriage, caste-ism, lack of education. It also voices the concern about an increasing number of NRI’s taking their old to the US to serve them, cook and clean at home